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World Health Organization : Year 1988 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION To promote the recognition, evaluation and control of environmental conditions and hazards that may affect human health, WHO and FA0 are actively participating in the health-related monitoring actlvltiee of the Global Environment Monitoring System (GEMS), a programme established by the United Nations Environment Programme. GEMS health-related monitoring activities are directed to providing information on environmental levels of pollutants in food, air, water...

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Social and Economic Impacts of Aquatic Animal Health Problems in A...

By: Wei Qi

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The rapid development of fisheries in China has been noted worldwide in recent years, and aquaculture has played a very important role. In 1998, aquaculture production was 21.8 million mt, which accounted for more than 55% of total fisheries production. However, the negative impact of disease is becoming increasingly serious. Finding an effective resolution to this problem is the main topic for many international and regional activities, and the Government of Ch...

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Second Fao/Who Global Forum of Food Safety Regulators

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1) Introduction Effective food control systems are essential to protect the health of consumers. They are also vital in enabling countries to assure safety and quality of food products for international trade and to verify that imported food products meet national requirements. The legal framework for food safety in the European Union Member States is currently in process. Serious food safety incidents during the nineties urged the European Union and other count...

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Workers in the Urban Informal Food Sector: Innovative Organizing S...

By: Gisele Yasmeen

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: In many cities in developing countries, a significant percentage of the population is engaged in informal employment. This can be as high as 45 percent, in the case of Calcutta, or 50 percent, in Jakarta (Harper, 1996: 99). Much of this informal business involves the sale, processing and distribution of food. Therefore, the IFS as an income-generating activity is an important livelihood for urbanites but often does not figure in a country?s national accounts or ...

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Assuring Food Quality and Safety Back to the Basics Quality Contro...

By: J. A. Abalaka

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. This paper will start with a quotation thus, ?We shall not cease from exploration. And at the end of all our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know the place for the first time?, T.S. Elliot. 2. The beauty and of course the strength of the concept of modern quality management is the recognition of the importance of continuous evaluation of our systemic practices and of continuous improvement in those practices. This concept presupposes that the...

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Fishery and Resource Management of Tropical Sea Cucumbers in the I...

By: Xiangmin Li

Nutrition Reference Publication

Abstract: Dongsha Islands, Nansha Islands, Xisha Islands and Zhongsha Islands in the South China Sea, located in the subtropics, are rich in sea cucumber resources. There are eighteen species of sea cucumbers in the area: Actinopyga echinites, A. lecanora, A. mauritiana, A. miliaris, Bohadschia argus, B. marmorata, Holothuria arenicola, H. atra, H. cinerascens, H. edulis, H. impatiens, H. leucospilota, H. nobilis, H. pervicax, H. scabra, Stichopus variegatus, S. chlorono...

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Jargen Schlundt, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) convened an Expert Consultation on Risk Assessment of Microbiological Hazards in Foods in WHO Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland from 23 - 27 July 2001. The list of participants is presented in Annex 1. Dr Jnrgen Schlundt, Coordinator, Food Safety Programme, Department of Protection of the Huinan Environment, Sustainable Development and Healthy Environ...

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Consultative Meeting on : Accelerating an Aids Vaccine for Develop...

By: The World Bank

Economics

The World Bank?s AIDS Vaccine Task Force sponsored a meeting in Bangkok at the Regent Hotel on Monday, May 24, to consult with key Thai policymakers on ways that the World Bank could accelerate the development of an AIDS vaccine that is effective and affordable in developing countries. The 26 participants included representatives from the Ministry of Public Health, the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), the Government Pharmaceutical Organization (GPO...

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Water Quality Concerns in Drainage Water Management

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: There are several factors to consider when determining the opportunities for and constraints on the safe use, treatment and disposal of agricultural drainage water. Information and data desired at the site of drainage water production include: rate of drainage water production per unit area, chemical concentration of constituents of concern, and the rates of mass emission. Drainage water management requires additional information and data on drainage water quali...

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Bibliographie

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Batie, S.S. & Taylor, D.B. 1989. Widespread adoption of non-conventional agriculture: profitability and impacts. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, 4(3-4): 128-134. Batjes, N. H. 1999. Management options for reducing CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere by increasing carbon sequestration in the soil. NRP report No. 410 200 031, Technical Paper 30, Wageningen, ISRIC. Bebbington, A. 1997. Social capital and rural intensifi cation: local organizations and...

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Fao/Who Codex Training Package Section Four-Scientific Basis for C...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: What is risk analysis? A process consisting of three components: risk assessment, risk management and risk communication ... It is a structured, systematic process that examines the potential adverse health effect consequential to a hazard or condition of a food and develops options for mitigating that risk ... It includes interactive communication among all interested parties involved in the process.

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Quantitative Livestock Production Modelling

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Role and application to sub-Saharan Africa The objective of quantitative livestock modelling is to identify and quantify resources, requirements (livestock numbers, herd composition, feed, etc.) and constraints to the achievement of specified levels and composition of livestock product demand. Quantitative livestock modelling also provides a means of ex ante assessment of the effects of development programmes (health, breed, management or feed) aimed at changing...

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Afghanistanoctober 2004 Reborn

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: Already 3.7 million Afghans have returned from refugee camps since the Taliban?s repressive rule ended in November 2001. It is an epic pilgrimage of an entire people, from wizened old men and women to small children born far from their homeland. They are ...

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Good Emergency Management Practices : Empres Code for Disease Emer...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Dealing with animal disease emergencies requires careful planning and meticulous execution. EMPRES has developed Good Emergency Management Practices (GEMP) as a multimedia program, available on CD-ROM and on the FAO/ EMPRES Web site, to promote the concept of a code of practice in dealing with animal disease emergencies (see page 15).

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Management of Animal Genetic Diversity at Community Level

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Summary: Domestic animal diversity in developing countries is embedded in traditional farming and pastoral communities who manage their livestock according to their indigenous knowledge (IK) and in tune with local ecological constraints. Especially in marginal environments, local livestock breeds are crucial for sustaining rural livelihoods by producing a wide range of products while requiring relatively low levels of input with regard to fodder, management and health ca...

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Responsible Aquaculture Development and Management (Fishfarm)

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Aquaculture is seen not only as having greater development potential than capture fisheries, but also as an important tool for increasing food security and alleviating poverty. Realization of the potential for aquaculture production will, however, depend on the resolution of a number of critical constraints.. These include its feasibility for poor rural households because of technology and financial access barriers. Other significant issues to be addressed are p...

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Strengthening Official Food Safety Control Services: Risk Manageme...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: Following Jordan?s accession to the WTO in April 2000, fundamental restructuring was undertaken in food safety domain, namely issuing the first Food Act and adopting risk management approach within Jordan?s strategic framework; Recognizing that the domestic food market very much depends on imports, a risk management approach was primarily to be implemented on food imports, arriving via the port of Aqaba where over 75% of imports are admitted to Jordan. The ...

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Enhancement of Management of the Official Control System of Food S...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: Food is a human right according to religions and the international law of human rights in1948. At the World Food Summit in Rome 1996 it was announced that safe food is the one of the human rights and should never be used as a weapon against people. High standards and safe food participate in human health and its physical growth.

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Four Year Workplan for Malaysia's Dof/Bobp Phase III Project : Int...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N I ESTABLISH PROFILE MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK 1 Review to Determine Existing institutional and Legal Capabilities for Implementing Preventive and CorrectiveActions in Ornamental Fisheries Components Review of Legai. lnstiiutional and Training Taxis 2 Use Resultsst Legal/lnstitutional Analysis to Determine Composition and Structure Management Framework II BUILDING AWARENESS AND PUBLIC OPINION TO CHAN...

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World Health Organization : Year 1991, World Health Organization H...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The Joint UNEP/FAO/WHO Food Contamination Monitoring Programme, or GEMS/Food, was initiated in 1976 and is a component of the Global Environmenc Monitoring System (GEMS) established by the United Nations Environment: Progranune. The major objective of the Programme is to inform government$, the Codex Alimentarius Commission, other relevant institutions and the public on levels and trends of contaminants in food, thetr contribution to the total human exposure and signific...

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